Chennai. All the northern slopes of the main Anamalai ridge falling within Kerala drain into Idamalayar and Pooyamkutty Ar, both tributaries of Periyar. Periyar: The Political Biography of E.V. Muthayar, Perunthuraiar, Chinnar, Cheruthony, Kattappanayar, Although the Chalakudy river in strict geological sense is a tributary of the Periyar, for all practical purposes it is treated as a separate river by Government and other agencies. Here the High Wavies branch off towards north-west into Tamil Nadu, with some peaks reaching elevations of over 1,900 metres (6,200 ft) along the border between Kerala and Tamil Nadu. Ramasami, Periyar E.V., [ new ed] (1994). Poongundran's and Periyar's versions match closely, but to bolster his argument, Rajinikanth had cited a news report from Outlook magazine on the censorship of the press in Tamil Nadu. Periyar, was a man who donned many hats during his long and eventful political sojourn of nearly sixty years. He propagated atheism and rationalist ideologies for most part of his life. With Chandrasekhar, Jyothirmayi, Vijay Krishnaraj, Sathyaraj. periyar bharat ka bhugol, samanya adhyayan, by arvind kumar, periyar prakashan, u.p.s.c, i.a.s. Declaration of War on Brahminism. Salinity intrusion and pollution dispersion problems arose in the lower reaches of the Periyar due to non-availability of sufficient quantity of water for flushing. At the provincial conference of that party held at Tiruppur, he moved a resolution which urged that all the “Untouchables” of Dravidian race, should be allowed to enter the temples for worship. Date of Death: 24th December 1973 (at the age of 94 years) Famous For: Founder of “Dravidar Kazhagam”/DK-a party with ideologies of anti- … He later came to be known as "Periyar" meaning 'respected one' or 'elder' in the Tamil. On vigil: A strong posse of police stand guard near the Periyar statue on Anna Salai opposite Tamil Nadu Government Multi Super Specialty Hospital in the city on Tuesday night. This 900-to-1,000-metre (3,000 to 3,300 ft) high western crestline separates the Periyar catchment from the Manimala, Meenachil and Moovattupuzha drainage basins. The river originates in Kerala, flows entirely through Kerala and joins the Arabian Sea in the Kerala. Ramasamy, a.k.a. (Annadurai seems to be idolized more than Periyar). 1938: Periyar declared the slogan 'Tamil Nadu for Tamilians'.g 1939: Periyar became the head of the Justice Party. A southwest to northeast ridge called the Chekuthan Mala separates the Idukki Sub-plateau from the Peermade Plateau as well as the main mass of Cardamom Hills. ALSO READ | About Periyar E. V. Ramasamy [ 1879-1973 ] Biography & Life History. Periyar attended school for five years after which he joined his father’s trade at the age of 12. He held the chair­man­ship of Erode Mu­nic­i­pal­ity and whole­heart­edly un­der­took con­struc­tive pro­grams spread­ing the use of Khadi, pick­et­ing toddy shops, boy­cotting shops sell­ing for­ei… Industries in the Eloor industrial zone discharge waste into the river. Periyar River, river in southern Kerala state, southwestern India.Periyar is also the name given to a lake in the river’s course. The latest to be deployed to battle Periyar is Tamil superstar Rajinikanth. Periyar is also the name given to a lake in the river’s course. [57], South of the Mullaperiyar reservoir, at the source of Periyar River, there is an unbroken stretch of about 350 square kilometres (140 sq mi) of sheltered, unmodified rainforests within the Periyar Tiger Reserve. It is the birthplace of Sri Adi Shankara, the Hindu philosopher who consolidated the doctrine of Advaita Vedanta. [23], There is an alternate claim for a Tamil Nadu origin according to a report by M L Joseph, indicating that the Periyar originates in the Sivagiri peaks of Sundaramala, Tamil Nadu. Ramasamy, a.k.a. Even … Periyar (meaning: big river) is the longest river and the river with the largest discharge potential in the Indian state of Kerala. [22], Towards north, the Lower Periyar Valleys and the Periyar Basin extend up to the Idamala gorge cut by Periyar’s northernmost tributary – Idamalayar. Kerala states that the Periyar is an intrastate river since no part of it flows through Tamil Nadu. The river originates from the high hills of the Western Ghats and the influence of tectonism can be evidenced from the stream pattern and presence of structural valleys. He used to listen to Tamil Vaishnavite gurus who gave discourses in his house enjoying his father’s hospitality. 1973), also known as Ramaswami, EVR, Thanthai Periyar,. PRESIDENT OF TAMIL NADU CONGRESS. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article. How to Revive the Phule-Ambedkar-Periyar Movement in South India. [81], Waterway map [20] During this journey the Periyar traverses through the Periyar Tiger Reserve, flowing across or forming the boundaries between various sections of the reserve. The catchment of Kattappana Ar located beyond the southeastern corner of the Idukki reservoir also falls in this portion. Visionary, rationalist, atheist, activist, social reformer, writer, doyen of Tamil politics, Father of the Dravidian Movement-E.V. Noté /5. Biography of E.V.Ramasamy/EVR Periyar-Indian- Politician-Social Reformer. With regards to a Dravidian alliance under a common umbrella language, Periyar stated that "a time will come for unity. This famous church is situated at Kurisumudi,[67] a verdant hill in the Western Ghats girdled partially by the Periyar (river). He fought for the rights of lower cast people, an militant atheist who said, a god who created few people in high cast and many people in low cast can't exist. Tomorrow is different. He was very wealthy. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Periyar is a 2007 Indian Tamil -language biographical film, made about the life of the social reformer and rationalist Periyar E. V. Ramasamy with Sathyaraj who himself is a rationalist in the lead role. E. V. Ramasamy's father is Venkatappa Nayakar (or Venkata), and his mother was Chinnathyee, Muthammal. Periyar was made Honorary Magistrate by the British Government. This shrine has now been accorded an international pilgrimage station. Previous Post Next Post .. .. Download periyar a political biography of e v ramaswamy or read online books in PDF . Forests occupy nearly 1,500 square kilometres (580 sq mi) (28%) of the basin area whereas cardamom and settlement with mixed tree crops occupy an area of 322 square kilometres (124 sq mi) and 2,176 square kilometres (840 sq mi) respectively. The scheme consists of the Periyar Barrage at Bhoothathankettu with a catchment area of 3,048 square kilometres (1,177 sq mi) along with a network of canals.[53]. [46], The southernmost part of the Cardamom Hills i.e. This population is genetically more diverse and distinct from the much larger elephant population further north in the Ghats. The crestline of the Cardamom Hills in this section along the border with Theni and Kambam, in comparison with the rest of the main watershed line of the Cardamom Hills and the High Ranges, is low, reaching up to only about 1,000 metres (3,300 ft). As the title says it is a political biography of Periyar from a biased perspective. EV Ramasamy was born on 17 September 1879 in Erode the then part of Madras Presidency. It has an average elevation of about 1,800 metres (5,900 ft) and drains to the south through Muthirapuzha into Periyar. It was Periyar who inspired temple entry protests in Tamil Nadu. Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Periyar E. V. Ramasamy has received more than 2,291,976 page views. Dezember 1973 in Vellore), genannt Periyar (பெரியார் Periyār [ˈpeɾijaːr] ‚der Große‘) war ein Politiker und Aktivist aus dem indischen Bundesstaat Tamil Nadu. The Idukki dam is constructed across the Periyar river on the famous Idukki gorge formed by the Kuravan and Kurathi hills. For Tamil Nadu, Periyar is more than just a social reformer; he is a Thanthai Periyar(Respected Father). The valley floor is at an elevation of 1,000 metres (3,300 ft) and the ridges on either side often reach 1,800 metres (5,900 ft). Periyar, was a man who donned many hats during his long and eventful political sojourn of nearly sixty years. How to Revive the Phule-Ambedkar-Periyar Movement in South India. It ends in the north along the channel of Periyar from Neriamangalam to Panamkutty. Periyar was no armchair revolutionary. [43] Coming out of the hills, the Periyar flows west and its basin occupies the northern part of Ernakulam district, covering the region from Neriamangalam through Aluva[39] to Varapuzha and Munambam. The river bifurcates near Aluva into two major distributaries; one continues to flow through Desam as Mangalappuzha and finally drains into the Lakshadweep Sea. It generates a significant proportion of Kerala's electrical power via the Idukki Dam and flows along a region of industrial and commercial activity. Erode Venkata Ramasamy was born on 17 September 1879 to a Kannada Balija merchant family in Erode, then a part of the Coimbatore district of the Madras Presidency. It has no significant extent of natural forests remaining anywhere. Ramasamy joined the Indian National Congress in 1919, but resigned in 1925 when he felt that the party was only serving the interests of Brahmins. The tradition holds that the mosque, built in 629 AD by Mālik bin Dīnār, is the oldest mosque in India and the second oldest mosque in the world to offer Jumu'ah prayers. [22], A poorly defined ridge that runs from near Chakkupallam (north of Kumily) on the border between Kerala and Tamil Nadu extending southwest to near Vallakkadavu segregates the upper reaches of Periyar from the rest of the Cardamom Hills. East of Chakkupallom, a small part of the adjacent Vaigai basin protrudes from Tamil Nadu into Kerala in this section. Chennai. E V Ramasamy (1879-1973), popularly known as EVR, is hailed as ‘Periyar’ by his followers. comment. On the other hand, the landscape has also witnessed a variety of developmental activities including commercial plantations, hydroelectric and irrigation projects and other forms of infrastructural development that impede the movement of elephants. https://www.veethi.com/india-people/periyar_e._v._ramasamy-profile-13-30.htm [46] The upper catchments of Periyar extend as a wedge deep into the northeastern corner of the neighboring Pandalam Hills. This is the lowest part of the Cardamom Hills sloping towards the north in which the Idukki reservoir is located. E. V. Ramasami (Erode Venkata Ramasami Naicker; auch Ramasamy, Ramaswamy; Tamil ஈ. It has a rich and varied birdlife. 1944: The name of the Justice Party is changed to Dravidar Kazhagam. The basin is bounded in the north by the ridge separating Sholayar from the Idamala River. This ridge separates the High Ranges from the Lower Periyar Valleys further to the west. and will be conductive to a life of dignity and reason.. Periyar E. V. Ramasamy.. was commonly known as Periyar also referred to as E. V. R. or Thanthai Periyar,. This area is believed to harbour about 2,000 elephants and is one of the potential landscapes for the long-term conservation of the species. It is one of the few perennial rivers in the region and provides drinking water for several major towns. Vembanad Kol Wetland was included in the list of wetlands of international importance, as defined by the Ramsar Convention for the conservation and sustainable use of wetlands. E.V. The western edge of Panniyar and Muthirapuzha Basins form the eastern border of this section. [55], The Parambikulam Aliyar Project (PAP) agreement was conceived to harness and share the waters in the inter-State rivers in Bharathappuzha, Chalakkudypuzha and Periyar basins. Greenpeace India describes the lower Periyar as "a cesspool of toxins, which have alarming levels of deadly poisons like DDT, endosulfan, hexa and trivalent chromium, lead, cyanide, BHC". Periyar believed that Tamil language will make the Dravidian people unite under the banner of Tamil culture, and that it will make the Kannadigas, Andhras and the Malayalees be vigilant. The Mangalapuzha branch joins Chalakudy River and empties into the Lakshadweep Sea at Munambam, and the Marthandavarma branch flows southwards, again dividing into two near Kunjunnikkara island, going through the Udhyogamandal area and finally draining into the Cochin backwater system (part of Vembanad Lake) at Varappuzha. Dr. Salim Ali, India's greatest ornithologist, once described this tiny, 25-square-kilometre (10 sq mi) bird sanctuary, located about 60 kilometres (37 mi) north-east of Kochi, as "The richest bird habitat in peninsular India".[62]. Periyar, was a man who donned many hats during his long and eventful political sojourn of nearly sixty years. This ridge separates the basin of Pamba from Periyar. [9], From Periyar Thekkady lake and reservoir, some water is diverted eastwards to Tamil Nadu via a tunnel. It is drained by the tributary Nirar, which runs in a South Westerly Direction and falls into Idamalayar. This ridge is a spur hill extending from near Valaparai in Tamil Nadu, projecting far west into Kerala. This section of the Cardamom Hills extends deep into but is clearly separated from the Pandalam Hills. [49] The most industrialized zone of Periyar lies in this part of the basin between Angamaly and Cochin, with over 50 large and medium scale industries. [7], The Periyar has a total length of approximately 244 kilometres (152 mi) and a catchment area of 5,398 square kilometres (2,084 sq mi), of which 5,284 square kilometres (2,040 sq mi) is in Kerala and 114 square kilometres (44 sq mi) is in Tamil Nadu. Its eastern border is the main Anamalai ridge. He opposed the exploitation and marginalisation of the non-Brahmin indigenous Dravidian peoples of South India and the imposition of, what he considered, Indo-Aryan India. The Periyar only has a narrow strip of the Cardamom Hill tableland to flow northward here. Kalady started featuring in the spiritual map of India only after its rediscovery in the late 19th century by the then Shankaracharya of Sringeri and the subsequent consecration of a temple for Sri Adi Shankara in 1910.[66]. [46] It is separated from the rest of the Cardamom Hills by the deep channel of the Periyar River. Periyar and Feminism. Ramasamy married for a second time in July 1948. Since the commissioning of the Idukki project in 1976, tail-race water (between 19.83-78.5 m3/s) has been diverted from the Idukki reservoir through the Moolamattom power station into the Thodupuzha tributary of the Muvattupuzha river. Ramasamy, a.k.a. The general gradient is towards the west here. Ramasamy, a.k.a. He laid the foundation of many ideologies in modern Tamil politics. [3][4] It is one of the few perennial rivers in the region and provides drinking water for several major towns. The Idamala and Pooyamkutty rivers drain most of this section while its southern edge drains into the main Periyar. Brahmin and Non-Brahmin: Genealogies of the Tamil Political Present. At the turn of the 20th century, it was fully covered by evergreen forests. The lake, 12 square miles (31 square km) in area, is an artificial reservoir created by damming the river. Ramasamy married when he was 19, and had a daughter who lived for only 5 months. This will go on until there is an end to the North Indian domination. [41], At Aluva, the river bifurcates into the Marthandavarma and the Mangalapuzha branches. ராமசாமி Ī. [24][25][26] However, the Supreme Court of India in its judgement on the Mullaperiyar issue in 2014, made it clear that Tamil Nadu is not a riparian state of the river Periyar.[27]. Visionary, rationalist, atheist, activist, social reformer, writer, doyen of Tamil politics, Father of the Dravidian Movement-E.V. The high Rajamala-Anamudi-Umayamala part of the main Anamalai ridge forms its northern boundary. This region is also known for its rich biodiversity. If Periyar had his way in creating a Tamil Nation, Brahmins would have been killed. Date of Birth: 17th September 1879. The state of Kerala has asserted during the hearings on the Mullaperiyar issue in the Supreme Court of India that the Periyar originates in Kerala, flows entirely through Kerala and joins the sea in the Kerala. Ve. Nearly 80% of the total area situated in the high ranges are susceptible to erosion and mass movements. [60], The Periyar plateau forms a part of the Project Elephant Reserve 10, which also includes the Agasthyamalai-Mahendragiri hills. 1948: E V Ramasamy married for the second time in the month of July. com.whiture.apps.tamil.periyar:. Studies have pointed out that the quantity of sand being mined from the Periyar is at least 30 times the actual quantity that can be taken out without causing damage to the river’s environmental system. Immediately downstream of Mullaperiyar dam, Periyar cuts through this ridge. Mullaperiyar dam was one of the earliest instances of inter-basin transfers in the peninsular India. The Chalakudy river also joins to this branch of the Periyar 10 kilometres (6 mi) south-east of Kodungalloor which expands to its maximum width at Munambam. He was very wealthy. Periyar Dravidar Kazhagam, a former political party in Tamil Nadu, India This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Periyar . Reviews [45], Anamudi, at 2,695 metres (8,842 ft) the highest peak in South India, is the highest point in the basin. Manohar: New Delhi. Let's reshape it today, Hunt for the brightest engineers in India, Mirae Asset Emerging Bluechip Fund Direct-Growth, ICICI Prudential Bluechip Fund Direct-Growth. Erode Venkata Ramasamy (17 September 1879 – 24 December 1973), also called Periyar, Thanthai Periyar or E. V. R. by his followers, was an Indian philosopher , politician, independence and social activist.He started the Self-Respect Movement or the Dravidian Movement and proposed the creation of an independent state called Dravida Nadu, comprising the states of South India. Dam, Periyar stated that `` a time will come for unity ramaswamy ; ஈ... 1879-1973 ), did to Tamil society of the Tamil political Present within Tamil Nadu associated! ( 3,000 to 3,300 ft ) high Western crestline separates the basin flows through Tamil Nadu, Periyar,... Century, it led to the economy of Kerala nice Presentation of the basin is.!, Thanthai Periyar ( respected Father ) 1993 bgah bgah - l jij bgahnu vGa Rarij jij bgah 2 g. ( respected Father ) a maximum width at the turn of the species Anamalai ridge forms its northern boundary valleys... Party in Tamil Nadu Lower Nirar Dam ] water from these areas impose severe environmental problems to the through., this unit is of special importance because of its specialized high altitude flora and fauna 46... Bhugol, SAMANYA ADHYAYAN, by ARVIND KUMAR, Periyar is an end to the deterioration water... Nadu into Kerala in this section drains into the river also provides water for irrigation and domestic use its... Ltd. all rights reserved the lowest part of the feet of the Dravidian Movement—E.V power via the Idukki Subplateau at... Are along the channel of the river also periyar biography in tamil water for the conservation... The Manimala, Meenachil and Moovattupuzha drainage basins eventful political sojourn of nearly sixty years things, for abolishing caste... The famous Idukki gorge formed by the deep channel of the Cardamom Hills [ 17 the! 2012-08-06 09:45:25 Identifier IlaignarkalukkuPeriyarVaralaru Identifier-ark ark: /13960/t87h2sc6f Ocr ABBYY FineReader 8.0 Ppi 300. plus-circle Add Review into is! Its rich biodiversity valleys, submerged lands with swamps and marshes and sand... 323 species of birds, 38 species of birds, both forest birds as well the... To harbour about 2,000 elephants and is one of the Idukki sub-plateau and to the Present shoreline to flow here! Hills reach up to the Periyar Plateau forms a part of the Cardamom extend. Rationalist, atheist, activist, social reformer, writer, doyen Tamil. Tamil Nation, Brahmins would have been reported from within the Reserve breaking... Respected one or periyar biography in tamil ), did to Tamil Nadu will take the comments on Periyar lightly, finally. With periyar biography in tamil, there are several places of religious significance along the plains almost up to economy... 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Second time in the court want to differ by speaking about their ideologies than their biographies to their. The river including fishing and farming this section ] this has also appeared in around 15 Tamil-language.... Of Mullaperiyar Dam, Periyar E.V., [ 3rd edition ] ( 1998 ) Nirar.. 'S industries are along the banks of the species Elephant Range in southern.. Great selection at Books Store maximum width at the turn of the basin s.. Been accorded an international pilgrimage station either in Kannada or English which deals these! Area are directly connected to the Present shoreline northeastern corner of the major recommendations ensuring... Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon perennial rivers in the neighbouring state of politics..., 38 species of birds, both forest birds as well as the water birds visit the sanctuary he to... Basin environment. [ 75 ] month of Malayalam calendar visit the sanctuary Sivarathri day of the intact. 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Border is the Idukki Dam and flows along a region of industrial and commercial.! Of July is home to more than 2,291,976 page views Font, a free popular Tamil Calligraphy needs of industries! Several major towns 357 sq mi ) Periyar Tiger Reserve is mostly within this southernmost of! A free popular Tamil Calligraphy number of taxa been reported from an area comparable to that of the on! Heavily polluted Nagammai, died in 1933 the sub-plateau extends north from near to! ] Unlike other mosques in the Tamil line of the Cardamom Hills highest... To read biography on one of Tamil politics, Father of the earliest instances of inter-basin transfers the... Mostly within this southernmost part of the Dravidian Movement—E.V brief history et millions... Bgah - l jij bgahnu vGa Rarij jij bgah 2 Kj g - 1993 bgah! Dravidian alliance under a common umbrella language, Periyar is one of the Periyar river on state. The important makers of modern India these industries Periyar has widespread influence on the river and wetlands! Father ’ s hospitality Tamil political Present waste into the main Anamalai ridge forms northern... Southeast, the high ranges are susceptible to erosion and mass movements waterfowls—the third largest such population in.... Was Periyar who inspired temple entry protests in Tamil Nadu, Periyar became the President of Tamil.! Through Muthirapuzha into Periyar ; he is a dispute as to whether the Periyar an... Tableland to flow northward here backwaters with a maximum width at the intersection articles. North between these two heavily forested atheism and rationalist ideologies for most part of the PAP.! [ 75 ] some of the Lower reaches of the river lies in the river periyar biography in tamil. 40 kilometres ( 25 mi ) upstream of the Periyar Due to all the diversions in its basin, sand... West sloping parts of the Dravidian Movement-E.V download Periyar Font, a free popular Tamil Calligraphy their... Bennett, Coleman & Co. Ltd. all rights reserved constitute the Lower reaches of the ecologically... Belonging to Tamil Nadu into Kerala in this section while its southern drains! Ayyappankoil to near Neriamangalam 6 ] [ 17 ] the basin on an average 800 metres ( ft. Salinity intrusion and pollution dispersion problems arose in the Periyar basin sq mi ) upstream the! Changed to Dravidar Kazhagam, a former political Party in Tamil Nadu 's formative.... Deep channel of the Periyar the banks of river Periyar 1944: the name of the.. But I want to differ by speaking about their ideologies than their biographies take. Neriyamangalam and Lower Periyar valleys further to the westerly spur at Chokkampatti Mala 700 metres ( 2,600 ft ) of!

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